Ancient Voices

The Classical Association of Scotland is proud to open registration for its summer languages initiative: Ancient Voices.

Following the success of our inaugural online language initiative in 2021, CAS are pleased to announce that we are maintaining our online Summer School, opening sessions which would usually be geographically restricted to a truly global audience, and facilitating learning amongst those who otherwise lack the time or resources to commit to more intensive in-person courses etc.

In 2022, CAS will expand on our timetable from last year, and offer a set of online summer classes in different ancient languages, purposefully designed and shaped to those with already busy schedules, or who simply want to give the subjects a try without a large financial or time commitment. In this way, the classes are perfect for students, teachers and lifelong learners alike! From Monday 1st August until Sunday 28th August, we will be dividing the week into sections where we offer language class in 2hr slots in Latin, Ancient Greek, Aramaic, Hebrew, Sumerian and Egyptian Hieroglyphs. The weekly layout will look like this:

All times are based on UK-time (please Google ‘time in Edinburgh’ if unsure!)

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday
Beginners’ Latin Session (12.00-14.00)


Beginners’ Sumerian (15.00-17.00)

Intermediate Latin Session  (12.00-14.00)


Advanced Latin Session       (15.00-17.00)

Beginners’ Aramaic      (12.00-14.00)


Optional Lectures/Workshop   (15.00-17.00)

Beginners’ Greek Session
Intermediate Greek Session (12.00-14.00)


Advanced Greek Session       (15.00-17.00)

Beginners’ Hieroglyphs Session    (12.00-14.00)


Beginners’ Hebrew

Drop-In Language Clinic


Each individual language stream (e.g. Latin Beginners) is priced at £55 per person. This entitles you to the full 8hrs of language tuition, access to drop-in language clinics for questions and troubleshooting, and access to a variety of optional workshops which will include both linguistic and non-linguistic topics (tbc).

Ancient Voices is designed so that no two classes will ever clash, meaning that you are able to sign up to multiple streams (e.g. Advanced Greek and Beginners Hebrew), should you so wish. We are aware that people may want to experiment with different languages at different levels, and so we are proud to offer a package deal, discounting the total price if you sign up for more than one stream:

  • 1 Stream = £55.00 
  • 2 Streams = £100.00
  • 3 Streams = £120.00

This package means that the more you engage with Ancient Voices, the better the value for money!

Beginners sessions offer a grammar and vocabulary based launch point, designed for those with little to no experience; Intermediate offers a blend of grammar and textual learning for those who want to consolidate on the basics, and Advanced offers a fully textual launch point, reading directly across ancient texts in which our teachers specialise. Each thread is led by expert teachers from across the school and university sectors (outlines will be added below very soon!).

Registration and payment information can be found in our Ancient Voices Registration Form 2022 (if the embedded link does not work, please try here), which should be completed and emailed to Dr Alex Imrie (


Course synopses are being finalised by our class leaders and will be placed here in due course. Our beginners’ streams will focus on grammar and some vocabulary acquisition, working towards translating short texts in the original language. Intermediate and Advanced streams will be text-based from the outset, honing in on topics of interest and importance as classes work through them together.

Beginners Latin

Beginners Greek

Intermediate Latin

In Intermediate Latin, we will be translating a selection of Catullus’ poems regarding friendship and betrayal, before approaching a couple of love poems of the same tenor. Through this, we will be able to see how Catullus uses the same language to express his most disenchanted views on love and friendship, but, most importantly, we will have the chance to revise and consolidate the most challenging grammar and syntax topics encountered while translating. These will include, for example, irregular verbs, comparatives, relative pronouns, uses of subjunctives for subordinate clauses, ablative absolute, gerund and gerundive. We will go through the relevant grammar and syntax points as we go along and use ad hoc exercises to practise.


You should be comfortable with noun declensions and pronouns; you should be able to recognise verb forms of all conjugations in the active and passive indicative and subjunctive. A good grasp of the simplest subordinate clauses and constructions is also necessary.

Course Leader is Laura Donati

Intermediate Greek

The Intermediate Greek course is aimed at post-beginners in Greek who have a basic understanding of the Greek language but want to advance their knowledge and consolidate their grammar and reading skills. The course will offer the opportunity to study in depth some complex grammatical phenomena, starting with verb: tense, aspect and mood, and moving on to secondary clauses (temporal, causal, result and purpose clauses, and conditionals). The grammar session will be complemented by readings of non-adapted literary texts, both prose and verse, which offer various representations of women, and illustrate attitudes towards sexuality and gender (marital sexuality, transgression and deviance, prostitutes and courtesans). By the end of the course students will have developed an enhanced understanding of the nuances of the Classical Greek language, and the ability to translate with confidence from Greek into English and read independently.

Text selection (extracts): Xenophon, Cyropaedia; Lysias, On the Murder of Eratosthenes; [Demosthenes], Against Neaira; Euripides, Medea; Aristophanes, Lysistrata; Menander, Dyskolos.

Course Leader is Natalia Tsoumpra

Advanced Latin

Advanced Greek

The Advanced Greek course will explore a selection of passages from a variety of literary genres: Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite (45-255), Euripides’ Hippolytus (1-120; 267-481); Plato’s Symposium 180-2; Xenophon’s Symposium (Chapter 8).

If time allows, we will also be looking at parts of Homer’s Odyssey 8 (266-366), Hesiod’s Works and Days (109-201) and Apollonius’ Argonautica 3 (1-130).

The passages will offer a glimpse into the varied ways in which the goddess Aphrodite and the repercussions of love were perceived in the ancient Greek world.

The class will primarily focus on translating; a good command of Greek grammar and syntax is thus necessary, but there will be ample opportunities for revision and consolidation of previous knowledge. Complex grammatical and syntactical features will be analysed and revised as they arise while translating. Particular emphasis will be given to syntax, especially on verbal adjectives and all types of subordinate clauses in direct and indirect statement.

In-class exercises and brief unseen passages are also to be expected.

Course Leader is Manos Tsakiris.

Beginners Aramaic

Beginners Hebrew

Beginners Hieroglyphs

Beginners Sumerian



Laura Donati

Laura has recently completed a PhD in Classics at the University of Edinburgh, in which she explored slave ‘crime and punishment’ in the Roman world. Her research aimed at showing how legal thinking is deeply embedded in Roman daily life, through the exploration of the figure of the delinquent slave in various literary texts. During the course of her PhD, Laura has tutored on a variety of courses, at both undergraduate and postgraduate level, ranging from ancient history to Latin at all levels, and beginners’ Greek.

Alison Greer

Juan Lewis

Angela McDonald

Manos Tsakiris 

Manos comes from Rhodes, Greece, and I has recently completed a PhD in Classics at the University of Edinburgh. In his thesis, Manos explored the use of literary genres in the epic poem Argonautica of the Hellenistic poet Apollonius Rhodius. He is also interested in Greek poetry of the Imperial era, and poets such as Triphiodorus and Quintus of Smyrna.

For the last four years, Manos has been a tutor in all levels of pre-honours Greek and Classical Literature in Translation at the University of Edinburgh

Natalia Tsoumpra

Natalia holds a BA (Hons) in Greek and Latin Languages and Literature from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and an MPhil (2009) and DPhil (2014) from the University of Oxford. From 2014 to 2020, she held a series of fixed-term lectureships in Classics at the University of Glasgow, and worked as an adjunct lecturer in the Open University of Cyprus (2017). She currently work as a tutor of Classics at the University of Glasgow (Widening Participation and Lifelong Learning). Before joining Glasgow, Natalia worked as an Adjunct Instructor in Classics at the University of Oxford (2008-2014), and as an Assistant Dean for postgraduate students at St. Anne’s College, Oxford (2013-4).She specializes in Greek comedy and tragedy, and is also broadly interested in Athenian politics, gender and sexuality, theories of humour, and ancient medicine. Natalia maintains an ongoing interest in performance and theatre practice, and has worked closely with the Glasgow University Classics society for the production of several classically-themed plays. She is also an actress in the Edinburgh amateur theatre company ‘Athens of the North’.